How Can We Minimize a Software’s Maintenance Costs

How Can We Minimize a Software’s Maintenance Costs

Many software development stakeholders misunderstand the costs they will incur, wondering software program development services are a one-time investment. However, there were some instances whilst software maintenance fee made as much as 90% of the entire software program development cost. Since the costs have been underestimated, the estimated finances required violated, and in some instances, the undertaking had to be close. Modern software is tough and complex, so it requires everyday support and maintenance. This troubleshooting system is often time-consuming and convoluted. To simplify it, a dedicated team and proper documentation are a compulsory

What is Software Maintenance?


Software maintenance is the process of updating and enhancing software after its initial launch to the public. It takes place after completing tasks associated with engineering, architecture, layout, implementation, testing, and software program deployment. Product maintenance isn’t always simply computer virus solving or including extra traces of code. It is a complete set of tasks in adjusting and editing the software program. It can take up to two years to build a software, while its maintenance can go up to fifteen to twenty years.

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Factors that shape software maintenance costs


The wide variety of software products is increasing every day. So, it becomes increasingly difficult to sell a product available on the market and, above all, to maintain it without exceeding the deliberate price range. When it’s miles impossible to predict the precise amount of software maintenance fees, you should remember the following elements that influence them.

        1. Time

Once the requirements are set, and you’ve got the determined proper human beings to carry out duties, the following crucial link within the equation is time. When planning the development timeline, you ought to comprehend that initially set deadlines may not be met due to unpredictable complications. The danger of delays cannot be left out, and you must be prepared for them.

2. Technical requirements


The first issue that influences calculating the cost of maintenance is how you need to see the product. It is the starting point that creates the further course, so select the right path properly from the start. Even minor information decides how much time you want to spend on implementation and how many experts you need.

3. Possible risks & improvement


This might be the most crucial factor in software protection. Don’t assume that when you create an application, you do not have to fear about it. It is necessary to evaluate the competitiveness of your software application. If there are numerous analogs, it might be helpful to reconsider the method and decide whether to translate your idea into practice or not.

4. Team composition and required seniority level


When you have a look at most IT budgets, IT groups’ rate costs are frequently the major expense. Some initiatives require some testers and developers. Some initiatives want a huge team containing a project manager, builders, UI/UX designers, and other professionals. All of this will appreciably affect the final software maintenance costs.

Key Types of Software Maintenance

  1. Corrective Maintenance

Corrective maintenance is the most apparent form of maintenance and the first element that comes to mind when a person finds out about the technique. Corrective maintenance deals with fixing bugs within the present code. For instance, let’s say an app or an internet site allows people to authorize thru their social media accounts. After you deployed it, your end-users started out to notify you that they could not log in. There is a chance that it’s a bug within the code that messes with the authentication method. Fixing this issue that already existed whilst the software changed into released is referred to as corrective maintenance.

2. Adaptive Maintenance

Modifying software to conform it to the surroundings adjustments, like changing a cloud company, switching to another operating system, or introducing new software integrations. Changes in enterprise rules, employer regulations, etc. May call for adaptive maintenance as well.

3. Perfective Maintenance 

Enhancing software performance and value. Perfective upkeep activities are typically based on user remarks (e.g., updating UX and UI layout), new functional requirements (e.g., including a new business rule), the want to reap cost savings (e.g., cloud resources optimization) and beautify software performance (e.g., optimizing the storage use for faster entry to relevant records).

4. Preventive Maintenance

Introducing modifications to save from deterioration of software program, avoid disruptions, or make it more stable and reliable. Among the most usual preventive maintenance activities are code optimization and updating software documentation for easier maintenance in future.


Most Efficient Ways to Minimize Software Maintenance Costs


a. DevOps


From executing projects to building and running services, DevOps can sustain engineering or kill maintenance services. As DevOps can increase the collaboration between operations and development teams and increase the velocity of delivery to production, it has pulled the plug on the myth that renovation needs to be performed by means of engineering groups. In DevOps, adjustments appear faster with Continuous Delivery and Continuous Deployment. Cycle times and response times get decreased from months/weeks to days or hours. Feedback cycles may be extended from development into production, permitting the whole IT company to learn, test and enhance real user testing. You don’t need to rent a special team or services for maintaining the software. Instead, developers can collaborate with customers to ensure that the device is configured efficaciously and running optimally. Automation in DevOps allow you to reduce the maintenance costs of the present projects. Automation starts in DevOps right from the code generation at the machines of programmers until the code is merged to the master branch and after that to track the system and application in production. Automation in DevOps helps more accuracy, excessive pace, reliability, and consistency to grow the variety of software program deliveries.

b. Automatic Performance Monitoring


As organizations face increasing competitive pressures in these days’ international marketplace, they rely on a complex, broad IT infrastructure to enable commercial enterprise procedures required for day-to-day enterprise obligations. Since greater organization customers depend on applications introduced via those IT environments to achieve business success, any disruption in system availability may have an instantaneous impact on the significant external and internal metrics of business overall performance. As a result, maximizing system availability and overall performance throughout the IT infrastructure is a business enterprise-wide requirement, requiring an intensive technique to IT system management and ongoing IT operations. It may additionally cause excessive maintenance costs.

c. Nagios


It is an effective monitoring system that allows businesses to resolve and pick out IT infrastructure troubles before they impact vital enterprise procedures. The tool has been designed and advanced with flexibility and scalability in thoughts to offer agencies with the peace of mind by way of ensuring that unwanted outages would noy effect their commercial enterprise processes.

d. Uptime Robot


Uptime Robot is a free tool used for monitoring websites. It can display the overall performance of web sites every five minutes and notifies if the web page is going down. Uptime Robot can offer exclusive sorts of tracking, such as HTTP(s) (website monitoring), the keyword (checking if a keyword exists within the internet web page or not), port (tracking services like DNS, pop, and SMTP) and ping (server monitoring).


Wrapping Up


There isn’t any established formula for calculating the precise cost of software program maintenance. Many authors argue over this issue and can’t come to a consensus. Maintenance cost could make as much as 90% of a software program task’s total value. It varies on a basis of the scenarios and cases being executed.